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Dron Pilot


Drone Pilot Course

¿What that mean RPA?

The acronym RPA comes from the English Remotely Piloted Aircraft, which comes to be translated as <remotely piloted aircraft>.

With this word we refer to a subset of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) or in English UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), generally known as drones. These can fly autonomously without the intervention of anyone.

In the case of RPA, on the other hand, if they are necessarily controlled by someone from a remote station.

This control does not have to be in the strictest manual flight mode as is the case with traditional radio control devices, but can make use of assisted flight systems or automatic pilots, but always with the monitoring of a person capable of exercising control. on them at any time during the flight.

The great boom that is taking place with these unmanned flying machines in recent years has made aeronautical authorities such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), since 2005, have had to start taking action on the matter to regularize the operation of these and take them into consideration.For this, since then, the regulations have been modified in order to maintain the safety and interoperability standards between all aircraft.

When we talk about RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems) we are referring to the complete system necessary for the operation of the aircraft, which includes the aircraft (RPA), the command and control station, the necessary communications equipment, etc.



Training

Prior communication

The following operations, provided that they take place during the day and outside agglomerations of buildings in cities, towns or inhabited places or meetings of people in the open air, as well as outside controlled airspace and outside an aerodrome flight information zone, do not require authorization from AESA, it is enough for the authorized operator to present a prior communication: 

• Experimental flights with aircraft whose maximum take-off mass is equal to or less than 25 kg. 
• Specialized air operations in the VLOS and EVLOS modalities with aircraft weighing up to 50 kg.
• Specialized air operations in the BVLOS mode with aircraft up to 2 kg.


Authorization
 
The following operations require prior authorization from AESA:

⁃ Specialized operations and experimental flights by aircraft whose maximum take-off mass is greater than 25 kg (in excess of operations with RPA of up to 50 kg for which the possibility of using prior communication is contemplated).
⁃ Specialized air operations in the BVLOS mode with aircraft weighing more than 2 kg.
⁃ Specialized air operations over agglomerations of buildings in cities, towns or authorized places or meetings of people in the open air.
⁃ Specialized air operations that intend to operate in controlled airspace or in a flight information zone (FIZ), including the aerodrome traffic zone.
⁃ Specialized air operations or experimental flights we carry out at night.
⁃ Any modification in the conditions of exercise of the activities referred to in the previous points or of the accredited requirements to obtain authorization.



Communication

Radiocomunication

Radio communication makes use of radio waves to transmit information (be it data or voice). For this, said information is <inserted> into the radio signal by the transmitting equipment and can be <extracted> by the receiver.

When talking about radio transmissions in the aeronautical field, it is necessary to distinguish the direction of communication, mainly in order, in the event of a failure, to be able to isolate the problem and know to what extent it affects us.

In most cases for the basic handling of radio equipment, whether it is voice communications or the control station of a drone, no theoretical knowledge of radiocommunications is required.

However, if they are necessary to understand how it works, know the limitations and be able to solve problems that may arise during the operation.