Coping and self-care
Control hard situations needed to perform a series of interventions:
Begins when someone is knowing that you’re a psychosocial assistant interested in talking about the disaster and help the person to recover.
As usual the first thing that people need in critical situation is that your state is known. The sympathetic attitude of the rescuer, support and tracking can help them cope with the critical situation.
B. Identifying, defining the problem and focusing
People passing through a serious crisis can become someone disorganized, even chaotic, in their thinking and in their activity.
Many problems appear and there’re so many things to do that are overwhelmed and unable to do anything. It’s often helpful to identify a problem as the most immediate thing on which to focus. If that possible, it should be a problem that can be solved quickly, since a first success will be important to restore a sense of control and confidence. The level of loss resources that individuals have experienced will be evaluated. Evaluate the characteristics of the current disaster and try among others the following factors psychological distress (stress response) below:
- If the disaster came to threaten the life or physical integrity of the victims.
- If the victim was exposed to unpleasant scenes.
- If there has been violent or sudden death of a loved one affected by the victim.