Strategies of emotional self-control
A. Technical psychological support to the rescuer own: mutual support technique (BUDDY-SYSTEM).
It should be noted the potential importance of working with another colleague (Buddy-System), so that they can provide mutual psychological support if necessary.
B. Techniques emotional venting and coping with critical situations (Defusing O DEFRIEFING).
1. Defusing . Informal Session that takes place as soon as possible after the critical incident or within 24 hours. It is conducted in an atmosphere of mutual support, in which participants describe their feelings and reactions to the event. They develop strategies for problem solving. It can arise spontaneously, for example the group together after rescue equipment cleaning and preparing their uniforms for the next exit.
2. debriefing . Highly structured group intervention, formal meeting, in order to treat emotional debris that emergency responders may have.
It must be made between 24-72 hours after stabilization of the incident. A technician sufficiently trained, not only can participate in the management of a debriefind, but is also highly recommended.
2. account of the facts
3. thoughts and impressions
4. Emotional reactions
6. future planning and coping
7. Dissolution of the group
- Relieve stress suffered after a critical incident.
- Make legitimate and thus encourage the expression of feelings, thoughts and reactions to the event tormo.
- Favoring the intragroup support, and from here the comfort of participants.
- Prevent possible psychopathological sequelae that are highly likely after critical events.
- Normalize all the above, so they do not feel "rare or unique."
- identify people most affected and facilitate contact with mental health professionals.