Stress and fatigue

21/09/2020

Stress is a physiological reaction of the body in which various defense mechanisms come into play to face a situation that is perceived as threatening or of increased demand.Stress is a natural and necessary response for survival, despite the fact that today it is confused with a pathology. This confusion is due to the fact that this defense mechanism can end, under certain circumstances and in certain ways of life, triggering serious health problems.The consequences of stress can be both physiological and psychological and behavioral. These generate damage to the body that affects the quality of life of people. Some of the problems caused by stress are listed below:⁃ Obesity and overweight⁃ Hair loss⁃ Depression⁃ Reduction of sexual desire⁃ Irregular menstruation⁃ Acne⁃ Allergy pictures⁃ Ulcers⁃ Insomnia⁃ Decreased fertility⁃ Heart diseases• Stress adaptation statesSelye described the general adjustment syndrome as a three-stage process:⁃ Reaction alarm: when the body detects the external stimulus.⁃ Adaptation: when the body takes defensive countermeasures towards the aggressor.⁃ Exhaustion: when the body's defenses begin to run out.• Fatigue can lead to a state of loss of concentration, increased errors, as well as a decrease in our physical and mental capacity. Some of the reasons that can trigger fatigue are:⁃ Physical state⁃ Excessive mental activity⁃ Sleep disturbances⁃ Environment and weather conditions⁃ Psychological problemsThe signs of fatigue can manifest in very variable ways, although the most common symptoms are usually:⁃ Headache⁃ General discomfort⁃ Fatigue⁃ Irritability⁃ Sleep disturbances⁃ Digestive problemsThe best way to combat fatigue is to sleep for a sufficient number of hours, to maintain a good general physical condition.