What is a RPA?
The acronym RPA comes from the English Remotely Piloted Aircraft, it is comes to be translated as <remotely piloted aircraft>.With this word we refer to a subset of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) or in English UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), generally known as drones. These can fly autonomously without the intervention of anyone.In the case of RPA, on the contrary, if they are necessarily controlled by someone from a remote station.This control does not have to be in the strictest manual flight mode as is the case with traditional radio control devices, but can make use of assisted flight systems or automatic pilots, but always with the monitoring of a person capable of exercising control. on them at any time during the flight.The great boom that is taking place with these unmanned flying machines in recent years has made aeronautical authorities such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), since 2005, have had to start taking action on the matter to regularize the operation of these and take them into consideration.To this end, since then, the regulations have been modified in order to maintain the safety and interoperability standards between all aircraft. This has led in 2010 to the need to revise the old definition of aircraft to include the RPA, in the same way that it has been necessary to create a specific classification for them, as we will see later.When we talk about RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems) we are referring to the complete system necessary for the operation of the aircraft, which includes the aircraft (RPA), the command and control station, the necessary communications equipment, etc.